(Qur’an 2:36-38)

“Having no manipulate over the forces of Nature, a pessimistic view of lifestyles was once perfectly common to him.” here once more Iqbal refers back to the biblical legend where man accuse his primary ancestor Adam for sinning against God and bringing misfortune over his descendants.

“hence, in an old Babylonian inscription, we discover the serpent (phallic image), the tree, and the girl providing an apple (symbol of virginity) to the person.” Iqbal has absolutely studied the Babylonian (extra exactly, Sumerian) origins of all Semitic religions. The story of Fall is not particular with Bible or Qur’an, neither is the account of Flood. Each legends are traceable as far as 2,000 BC. Any student of historic Mesopotamian civilizations can narrate the characteristic elements of the myths of Gilgamesh. Similarly, as Iqbal speaks, the story of Fall existed long earlier than rabbis wrote down the law. Iqbal accuses Bible of retelling an allegoric story in pure historic phrases, thereby ruining its ethical lessons and misleading the believers in assuming the autumn to be an genuine historic occasion. He appreciates Qur’an of keeping Fall’s philosophical display.