“hence, in an old Babylonian inscription, we discover the serpent (phallic image), the tree, and the girl providing an apple (symbol of virginity) to the person.” Iqbal has absolutely studied the Babylonian (extra exactly, Sumerian) origins of all Semitic religions. The story of Fall is not particular with Bible or Qur’an, neither is the account of Flood. Each legends are traceable as far as 2,000 BC. Any student of historic Mesopotamian civilizations can narrate the characteristic elements of the myths of Gilgamesh. Similarly, as Iqbal speaks, the story of Fall existed long earlier than rabbis wrote down the law. Iqbal accuses Bible of retelling an allegoric story in pure historic phrases, thereby ruining its ethical lessons and misleading the believers in assuming the autumn to be an genuine historic occasion. He appreciates Qur’an of keeping Fall’s philosophical display.


“the best way where the Qur’an handles this legend turns into clear after we examine it with the narration of the ebook of Genesis. The remarkable elements of difference between the Qur’anic and the Biblical narrations propose unmistakably the reason of the Qur’anic narration.” The motive of Qur’anic narration is to investigate the story of Fall philosophically. Iqbal over again denies any historic worth of the fall account – he has called it a delusion or a legend multiple times – and insists that the characters of